Below is a list of the references we use across our web and in-app content.

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  4. Wyatt, P., Berry, S.E., Finlayson, G. et al. Postprandial glycaemic dips predict appetite and energy intake in healthy individuals. Nat Metab 3, 523–529 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s42255-021-00383-x
  5. Papachristoforou E, Lambadiari V, Maratou E, Makrilakis K. Association of Glycemic Indices (Hyperglycemia, Glucose Variability, and Hypoglycemia) with Oxidative Stress and Diabetic Complications. J Diabetes Res. 2020 Oct 12;2020:7489795. doi: 10.1155/2020/7489795. PMID: 33123598; PMCID: PMC7585656.
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  8. Ørtenblad N, Westerblad H, Nielsen J. Muscle glycogen stores and fatigue. J Physiol. 2013 Sep 15;591(18):4405-13. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2013.251629. Epub 2013 May 7. PMID: 23652590; PMCID: PMC3784189.
  9. Wasserfurth, P., Palmowski, J., Hahn, A. et al. Reasons for and Consequences of Low Energy Availability in Female and Male Athletes: Social Environment, Adaptations, and Prevention. Sports Med - Open 6, 44 (2020).
  10. Lauren M. McCall, Kathryn E. Ackerman,Endocrine and metabolic repercussions of relative energy deficiency in sport, Current Opinion in Endocrine and Metabolic Research, Volume 9, 2019, Pages 56-65, ISSN 2451-9650, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coemr.2019.07.005.
  11. Logue DM, Madigan SM, Melin A, Delahunt E, Heinen M, Donnell SM, Corish CA. Low Energy Availability in Athletes 2020: An Updated Narrative Review of Prevalence, Risk, Within-Day Energy Balance, Knowledge, and Impact on Sports Performance. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 20;12(3):835. doi: 10.3390/nu12030835. PMID: 32245088; PMCID: PMC7146210
  12. Moran, D.S., Heled, Y., Arbel, Y., Israeli, E., Finestone, A.S., Evans, R.K., & Yanovich, R. (2012). Dietary intake and stress fractures among elite male combat recruits. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 9, 6. PubMed ID: 22413851 doi:10.1186/1550-2783-9-6
  13. Beck KL, Thomson JS, Swift RJ, von Hurst PR. Role of nutrition in performance enhancement and postexercise recovery. Open Access J Sports Med. 2015 Aug 11;6:259-67. doi: 10.2147/OAJSM.S33605. PMID: 26316828; PMCID: PMC4540168.
  14. Viribay A, Arribalzaga S, Mielgo-Ayuso J, Castañeda-Babarro, Seco-Calvo J, Urdampilleta A. Effects of 120 g/h of Carbohydrates Intake during a Mountain Marathon on Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage in Elite Runners. Nutrients 12(5), 1367, 2020. doi: 10.3390/nu12051367
  15. Ivy JL, Kuo CH. Regulation of GLUT4 protein and glycogen synthase during muscle glycogen synthesis after exercise. Acta Physiol Scand. 1998 Mar;162(3):295-304. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-201X.1998.0302e.x. PMID: 9578375.
  16. Margolis LM, Allen JT, Hatch-McChesney A, Pasiakos SM. Coingestion of Carbohydrate and Protein on Muscle Glycogen Synthesis after Exercise: A Meta-analysis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2021 Feb 1;53(2):384-393. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002476. PMID: 32826640; PMCID: PMC7803445.